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Periodontal Disease: What you Need to Know

August 22, 2014 by Uncategorized No Comments

According to health statistics, there are currently 35.8 million Americans affected by some form of gum disease. If it is gingivitis you are struggling with, this is only a mild form of periodontal disease and if you don’t treat the problem, sooner or later more complex issues will surface.

Your teeth need to be well attached to the gums, but when bacteria destroys the tissues, your teeth will become detached from the gums, and then the bacteria will thrive inside the gum pockets.

From there on, these bacteria can easily travel into the bloodstream and create havoc in other parts of your system.

Genetics and bad oral hygiene are the two main facts that expose you to the risk of developing periodontal disease. Researches have shown that approximately 25% of the population is genetically predisposed to developing gum disease.

This is what regular checkups are for- to catch the infection in its earliest phase, when everything can be reverted to normal. Also, by eliminating plaque and tartar from the teeth, you will keep your mouth a clean medium, and you will not give periodontal disease a chance to attack.

What are the warning signs of periodontal disease?

Make sure you will keep in mind all the following warning signs, and if you experience any, it is high time to visit the dentist and do something about these problems. These signs include:

  • the gums start bleeding more and more while you are brushing your teeth
  • you can notice tiny spaces that develop between the teeth
  • your gums have become tender and slightly swollen
  • between the teeth and the gums you can notice pus forming
  • general sores
  • bad breath that is becoming more and more persistent
  • you feel pain in your mouth

Big risk factors

There are many risk factors that can easily expose you to periodontal gum disease. These include smoking, oral cancer, defective cavity fillings, teeth which are crooked, non-fitting dental bridges, pregnancy (pregnant women are at a higher risk of developing gum disease!), and a generally weak immune system.

Keep your teeth and gums healthy by remembering the following:

  • always brush twice a day
  • use a brush with soft bristles in order to avoid damaging the enamel or injuring the soft tissue in your mouth
  • the floss must be used twice a day, and remember to use it even below the gum line
  • regular dental checkups – twice per year + regular dental cleanings to remove plaque and tartar deposits
  • use a special mouthwash containing ingredients that will fight against plaque and tartar deposits